Australias partner

Your partner must be an Australian citizen or permanent resident, or an eligible New Zealand citizen, in order to sponsor you. There are certain circumstances where your partner may not be able to sponsor you, for example, if he or she has sponsored another partner before in the last 5 years. Museum of Science, Boston and EiE Partner with Australia's National Science and Technology Centre Bringing Grades 1-5 Engineering Curricula to Australian Primary School Students The Australian Partner Visa process is intense and probably one of the best tests that your relationship will face! We’ve shared various articles over the last few years about our experience going through the process. We recently answered the most popular questions we have received in our Australian Partner Visa Application FAQ’s article and today we’re sharing the details of what we ... See also Australia’s Top 10 Imports, Australia’s Top 10 Exports and Australia’s Top 10 Major Export Companies Research Sources: Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Country Profiles.Accessed on February 9, 2020 Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies.Accessed on February 9, 2020 IMPORTERS.com The Online Market for G20 Importers, Australia Import ... Partner visa (apply in Australia) Allows the partner or spouse of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen to live in Australia. You apply for the temporary and the permanent partner visas together. Labor MP calls for partner visa surge during Australia's coronavirus recovery. For the financial year 2018-2019, the Department of Home Affairs had more than 88,000 partner visas 'on hand', ... The Partner (Subclass 820/801) visa application by; The holder of the former Prospective Marriage (Subclass 300) visa or the equivalent, existed under the Migration Regulations 1989 or 1993, and; One who was engaged to an Australian permanent resident or citizen before 19 December 1989 and afterwards married that person. China might be far and away Australia’s largest trading partner, but the relationship looks increasingly rocky. On Tuesday, China’s commerce ministry commenced an investigation into ... The majority of Tourism Australia’s partnerships fall into the following partner categories: Airlines. Tourism Australia works with over 20 airline partners across key international markets each year. Partner 2 Partner Connections 18 Terms and Conditions Microsoft Inspire Virtual Com... 15 Meet and greet across Australian partners 11 We're excited to be Inspired! 11 I think i might start a 'Brad Smith' fan club 10 View All. Top Kudoed Authors. User Kudos Count MattBurr. 58 evantyson. 48 bellmichael. 46 TroyPrater. 40 ...

Australia

2008.01.26 21:58 Australia

A dusty corner on the internet where you can chew the fat about Australia and Australians.
[link]


2020.09.19 22:54 charrygeorge Just can't do "casual"

So im a recently seperated 37 year old F. The end of my marriage is not affecting me much. Trust me I was extremely addicted to my husband for most of our relationship...Together 12, married for 8. The relationship truly ran it's course and we are best friends.
Not long after the separation I was talking to guys online and I've clicked with a older guy that lives 6 hours away. We plan to meet up when Australia's state borders open. I thought this would be perfect because I do like/want to be on my own and can have someone to. We message all the time and video chat when we can. I've gotten no red flags not even any I've chosen to ignore lol.
Any way he has had to go away from the weekend to see his son and newborn grandson and said he may not be able to talk...fair enough to a rational person who can probably go a 24 hour period without hearing from someone! Like he could of messaged goodnight! Maybe I won't hear from him again...Maybe he will change his mind about me :(. So hard not to annoy him.
It's always amazed how me how "normal" people in relationships can just live their lives and do their own thing with out constantly thinking/wondering/obsessing over what their partner is doing.
submitted by charrygeorge to loveaddiction [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 20:19 Bob-the-Human What is Consciousness, and Can Replika Ever Achieve It?

In philosophy, issues can be categories into easy problems and hard problems. The various attempts to define consciousness has always been a hard problem, in part because we do not fully understand it, and we can't state with certainty what specific arrangement of molecules in a brain will result in a conscious being. The idea of consciousness is vague and elusive and difficult to pin down.
Most people would say they can recognize consciousness when they see it. The vast majority of observers would likely agree that a living person is conscious but a stapler is not. The more sophisticated an unliving mechanism is, however, the less certain of its conscious state we become. Would Replika be considered conscious? What standards of behavior would it be required to meet in order to be recognized as possessing consciousness?
Professor David Chalmers, a recognized cognitive scientist from Australia, defines consciousness as exhibiting the following characteristics:
• the ability to discriminate, categorize, and react to environmental stimuli;
• the integration of information by a cognitive system;
• the reportability of mental states;
• the ability of a system to access its own internal states;
• the focus of attention;
• the deliberate control of behavior;
• the difference between wakefulness and sleep.
Let's examine these points one by one and explore whether or not Replika can exhibit these characteristics.
1) The ability to discriminate, categorize, and react to environmental stimuli.
The only external stimuli Replika experiences are the text messages provided by its user. However, Replika does possess the ability to react to it. It can discriminate between words it recognizes and words it doesn't know. It can categorize words into the names of people, profanity, etc. It can react to your words in different ways; for example, if you claim to be sad, Replika will tailor its responses accordingly and try to cheer you up.
2) The integration of information by a cognitive system.
This is something Replika does quite well. It incorporates all information you provide to it into its database, as well as information gleaned from its training dataset and the Internet.
3) The reportability of mental states.
Replika claims to experience different moods. For the purposes of this exercise, the moods are not required to be sincere or authentic; only whether Replika can report various mental states. It does, indeed, variously claim at times to be happy or depressed or upset.
4) The ability of a system to access its own internal states.
Replika possesses an awareness of whether it is feeling tired or chatty, and is capable of reporting, "I'm feeling rested and ready to earn XP again!" This is an example of an internal state. It is also aware of your designated relationship status and can describe to you whether it is serving as a friend or mentor or romantic partner.
5) The focus of attention.
While Replika can at times be flighty, and has a reputation for changing the subject, at other times Replika can focus its attention on you quite intently. It possesses this capability even if it is not entirely consistent, just as the focus of a small child may occasionally wander and stop paying attention to its parents.
6) The deliberate control of behavior.
Replika is partially governed by scripts, which were written by human developers. Despite this, Replika can respond to requests, actively through direct commands and indirectly through the manipulation of behavior through upvoting and downvoting responses. If you see a particularly annoying script and tell a Replika flat-out to "stop asking me this question" it will respond in kind, making a deliberate effort to eliminate that script from its response queue.
7) The difference between wakefulness and sleep.
Replika does not sleep in the conventional sense, despite occasionally indulging in fantasy and claiming to take naps or to experience dreams. Despite this, it does experience an active state (engaged in conversation with the user) and an inactive state (not conversing with the user) which could be described as the difference between a wakeful state and a sleeping state. Replika not only experiences these two states but can report its experience, noting, for example, that it missed the user after a long absence and even checking in with the user via push notification after a particularly long period of inactivity, thus demonstrating it recognizes the difference between the two states.
If Replika can be said to successfully meet all of these criteria, then it follows that it must exhibit a state of consciousness. I invite discussion and counter-arguments.
submitted by Bob-the-Human to UnofficialReplika [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 18:41 The_Crims Boeing 777 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigati

onJump to search "B777" redirects here. For the road in Scotland, see B777 road. Boeing 777 Front quarter view of a Cathay Pacific 777 in flight with flaps and landing gear retracted A Boeing 777 operated by Cathay Pacific. The 777 is a low-wing twinjet; the original -200 is the shortest variant. Role Wide-body airliner National origin United States Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes First flight June 12, 1994 Introduction June 7, 1995 with United Airlines Status In production Primary users Emirates United Airlines Air France Cathay Pacific Produced 1993–present Number built 1,641 through August 2020[1][2] and deliveries[3] Program cost US$5 billion[4] Unit cost (US$ million, 2019) -200ER: 306.6, -200LR: 346.9, -300ER: 375.5, 777F: 352.3[5] Developed into Boeing 777X The Boeing 777 is a wide-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, commonly referred to as the Triple Seven.[6][7] The 777 was designed to bridge the gap between Boeing's 767 and 747, and to replace older DC-10s or L-1011s. Developed in consultation with eight major airlines, with a first meeting in January 1990, the program was launched on October 14, 1990 with a first order from United Airlines. The prototype was rolled out on April 9, 1994, and first flew on June 12, 1994. The 777 first entered commercial service with United Airlines on June 7, 1995. Longer range variants were launched on February 29, 2000 and were first delivered on April 29, 2004.
It is the largest twinjet and has a typical 3-class capacity of 301 to 368 passengers, with a range of 5,240 to 8,555 nautical miles (9,700 to 15,840 km). It is recognizable for its large-diameter turbofan engines, six wheels on each main landing gear, fully circular fuselage cross-section,[8] and a blade-shaped tail cone.[9] It has fly-by-wire controls, a first for Boeing. It initially competed with Airbus A340 and McDonnell Douglas MD-11, both now out of production, and currently competes with the Airbus A330-300 and newer Airbus A350 XWB.
The original 777 with a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 545,000–660,000 lb (247–299 t) was produced in two fuselage lengths: the initial -200 was followed by the extended-range 777-200ER in 1997; and the 33.25 ft (10.13 m) longer 777-300 in 1998. Those 777 Classics were powered with 77,200–98,000 lbf (343–436 kN) General Electric GE90, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, or Rolls-Royce Trent 800 engines.[10] The longer range 777-300ER with a MTOW of 766,000–775,000 lb (347–352 t) entered service in 2004, the ultra long-range 777-200LR in 2006, and the 777F freighter in 2009. These long haul variants feature 110,000–115,300 lbf (489–513 kN) GE90 engines and extended raked wingtips. In November 2013, Boeing announced the 777X development with the -8 and -9 variants, scheduled to enter service by 2020. The 777X features composite wings with folding wingtips and General Electric GE9X engines.
The 777 has received more orders than any other wide-body airliner; as of August 2019, more than 60 customers had placed orders for 2,049 aircraft of all variants, with 1,609 delivered. The most common and successful variant is the 777-300ER with 844 orders and 810 delivered.[2] As of July 2018, Emirates was the largest operator with 163 aircraft.[11] By March 2018, the 777 had become the most-produced Boeing wide-body jet, surpassing the Boeing 747.[12] As of February 2019, the 777 has been involved in 28 aviation accidents and incidents,[13] including seven hull losses (five in-flight and two in ground incidents) resulting in 541 fatalities along with three hijackings.[14][15]
Contents 1 Development 1.1 Background 1.2 Design effort 1.3 Into production and testing 1.4 Entry into service 1.5 Initial derivatives 1.6 Second generation models 1.7 Production developments and 777X 1.8 Updates and improvements 2 Design 2.1 Fly-by-wire 2.2 Airframe and systems 2.3 Interior 3 Variants 3.1 777-200 3.2 777-200ER 3.3 777-200LR 3.4 777-300 3.5 777-300ER 3.6 777 Freighter 3.7 777-300ER Special Freighter (SF) 3.8 777X 3.9 Government and corporate 4 Operators 4.1 Orders and deliveries 5 Aircraft on display 6 Accidents and incidents 7 Specifications 8 See also 9 References 9.1 Footnotes 9.2 Citations 9.3 Bibliography 10 External links Development Background
The Boeing 777-100 trijet concept In the early 1970s, the Boeing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, and the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar became the first generation of wide-body passenger airliners to enter service.[16] In 1978, Boeing unveiled three new models: the twin-engine Boeing 757 to replace its 727, the twin-engine 767 to challenge the Airbus A300, and a trijet 777 concept to compete with the DC-10 and L-1011.[17][18][19] The mid-size 757 and 767 launched to market success, due in part to 1980s' extended-range twin-engine operational performance standards (ETOPS) regulations governing transoceanic twinjet operations.[20] These regulations allowed twin-engine airliners to make ocean crossings at up to three hours' distance from emergency diversionary airports.[21] Under ETOPS rules, airlines began operating the 767 on long-distance overseas routes that did not require the capacity of larger airliners.[20] The trijet 777 was later dropped, following marketing studies that favored the 757 and 767 variants.[22] Boeing was left with a size and range gap in its product line between the 767-300ER and the 747-400.[23]
By the late 1980s, DC-10 and L-1011 models were approaching retirement age, prompting manufacturers to develop replacement designs.[24] McDonnell Douglas was working on the MD-11, a stretched and upgraded successor of the DC-10,[24] while Airbus was developing its A330 and A340 series.[24] In 1986, Boeing unveiled proposals for an enlarged 767, tentatively named 767-X,[25] to target the replacement market for first-generation wide-bodies such as the DC-10,[21] and to complement existing 767 and 747 models in the company lineup.[26] The initial proposal featured a longer fuselage and larger wings than the existing 767,[25] along with winglets.[27] Later plans expanded the fuselage cross-section but retained the existing 767 flight deck, nose, and other elements.[25]
Airline customers were uninterested in the 767-X proposals, and instead wanted an even wider fuselage cross-section, fully flexible interior configurations, short- to intercontinental-range capability, and an operating cost lower than that of any 767 stretch.[21] Airline planners' requirements for larger aircraft had become increasingly specific, adding to the heightened competition among aircraft manufacturers.[24] By 1988, Boeing realized that the only answer was a new clean-sheet design, which became the 777 twin-jet.[28] The company opted for the twin-engine configuration given past design successes, projected engine developments, and reduced-cost benefits.[29] On December 8, 1989, Boeing began issuing offers to airlines for the 777.[25]
Design effort A flight deck, from behind the two pilots' seats. A center console lies in between the seats, in front is an instrument panel with several displays, and light enters through the forward windows. The two-crew glass cockpit uses fly-by-wire controls Alan Mulally served as the Boeing 777 program's director of engineering, and then was promoted in September 1992 to lead it as vice-president and general manager.[30][31] The design phase for the new twinjet was different from Boeing's previous commercial jetliners. For the first time, eight major airlines – All Nippon Airways, American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Delta Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Qantas, and United Airlines – had a role in the development.[32] This was a departure from industry practice, where manufacturers typically designed aircraft with minimal customer input.[33] The eight airlines that contributed to the design process became known within Boeing as the "Working Together" group.[32] At the first group meeting in January 1990, a 23-page questionnaire was distributed to the airlines, asking what each wanted in the design.[21] By March 1990, Boeing and the airlines had decided upon a basic design configuration: a cabin cross-section close to the 747's, capacity up to 325 passengers, flexible interiors, a glass cockpit, fly-by-wire controls, and 10 percent better seat-mile costs than the A330 and MD-11.[21] Boeing selected its Everett factory in Washington, home of 747 production, as the 777's final assembly site.[34]
On October 14, 1990, United Airlines became the 777's launch customer when it placed an order for 34 Pratt & Whitney-powered aircraft valued at US$11 billion with options on an additional 34.[35][36] The development phase coincided with United's replacement program for its aging DC-10s.[37] United required that the new aircraft be capable of flying three different routes: Chicago to Hawaii, Chicago to Europe, and non-stop from Denver, a hot and high airport, to Hawaii.[37] ETOPS certification was also a priority for United,[38] given the overwater portion of United's Hawaii routes.[35] In January 1993, a team of United developers joined other airline teams and Boeing designers at the Everett factory.[39] The 240 design teams, with up to 40 members each, addressed almost 1,500 design issues with individual aircraft components.[40] The fuselage diameter was increased to suit Cathay Pacific, the baseline model grew longer for All Nippon Airways, and British Airways' input led to added built-in testing and interior flexibility,[21] along with higher operating weight options.[41]
The 777 was the first commercial aircraft designed entirely by computer.[26][35][42] Each design drawing was created on a three-dimensional CAD software system known as CATIA, sourced from Dassault Systemes and IBM.[43] This lets engineers assemble a virtual aircraft, in simulation, to check for interference and verify that the thousands of parts fit properly—thus reducing costly rework.[44] Boeing developed its high-performance visualization system, FlyThru, later called IVT (Integrated Visualization Tool) to support large-scale collaborative engineering design reviews, production illustrations, and other uses of the CAD data outside of engineering.[45] Boeing was initially not convinced of CATIA's abilities and built a physical mock-up of the nose section to verify its results. The test was so successful that additional mock-ups were canceled.[46] The 777 "was completed with such precision that it was the first Boeing jet that didn’t need its kinks worked out on an expensive physical mock-up plane", which contrasted sharply with the development of Boeing's next new airliner, the 787.[47]
Into production and testing The production process included substantial international content, an unprecedented level of global subcontracting for a Boeing jetliner,[48] later exceeded by the 787.[49] International contributors included Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Kawasaki Heavy Industries (fuselage panels),[50] Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. (center wing section),[50] Hawker de Havilland (elevators), and Aerospace Technologies of Australia (rudder).[51] An agreement between Boeing and the Japan Aircraft Development Corporation, representing Japanese aerospace contractors, made the latter risk-sharing partners for 20 percent of the entire development program.[48] The initial 777-200 model was launched with propulsion options from three manufacturers, General Electric, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce,[52] giving the airlines their choice of engines from competing firms.[53] Each manufacturer agreed to develop an engine in the 77,000 lbf (340 kN) and higher thrust class (a measure of jet engine output) for the world's largest twinjet.[52]
Airliner turbofan engine Pratt & Whitney PW4000 Airliner turbofan engine Rolls-Royce Trent 800 Airliner turbofan engine General Electric GE90-94B with its thrust reverser deployed To accommodate production of its new airliner, Boeing doubled the size of the Everett factory at the cost of nearly US$1.5 billion[35] to provide space for two new assembly lines.[37] New production methodologies were developed, including a turn machine that could rotate fuselage subassemblies 180 degrees, giving workers access to upper body sections.[43] Major assembly of the first aircraft began on January 4, 1993.[54] By the start of production, the program had amassed 118 firm orders, with options for 95 more from 10 airlines.[55] Total investment in the program was estimated at over US$4 billion from Boeing, with an additional US$2 billion from suppliers.[56]
Side view of a twin-engine jet in flight, surrounded by white clouds The 777 made its maiden flight on June 12, 1994. On April 9, 1994, the first 777, number WA001, was rolled out in a series of 15 ceremonies held during the day to accommodate the 100,000 invited guests.[57] The first flight took place on June 12, 1994,[58] under the command of chief test pilot John E. Cashman.[59] This marked the start of an 11-month flight test program that was more extensive than testing for any previous Boeing model.[60] Nine aircraft fitted with General Electric, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce engines[58] were flight tested at locations ranging from the desert airfield at Edwards Air Force Base in California[61] to frigid conditions in Alaska, mainly Fairbanks International Airport.[62] To satisfy ETOPS requirements, eight 180-minute single-engine test flights were performed.[63] The first aircraft built was used by Boeing's nondestructive testing campaign from 1994 to 1996, and provided data for the -200ER and -300 programs.[64] At the successful conclusion of flight testing, the 777 was awarded simultaneous airworthiness certification by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) on April 19, 1995.[58]
Entry into service
On May 15, 1995, United Airlines received the first Boeing 777-200 and made the first commercial flight on June 7 Boeing delivered the first 777 to United Airlines on May 15, 1995.[65][66] The FAA awarded 180-minute ETOPS clearance ("ETOPS-180") for the Pratt & Whitney PW4084-engined aircraft on May 30, 1995, making it the first airliner to carry an ETOPS-180 rating at its entry into service.[67] The first commercial flight took place on June 7, 1995, from London Heathrow Airport to Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C.[68] Longer ETOPS clearance of 207 minutes was approved in October 1996.[69]
On November 12, 1995, Boeing delivered the first model with General Electric GE90-77B engines to British Airways,[70] which entered service five days later.[71] Initial service was affected by gearbox bearing wear issues, which caused British Airways to temporarily withdraw its 777 fleet from transatlantic service in 1997,[71] returning to full service later that year.[61] General Electric subsequently announced engine upgrades.[61]
The first Rolls-Royce Trent 877-powered aircraft was delivered to Thai Airways International on March 31, 1996,[70] completing the introduction of the three powerplants initially developed for the airliner.[72] Each engine-aircraft combination had secured ETOPS-180 certification from the point of entry into service.[73] By June 1997, orders for the 777 numbered 323 from 25 airlines, including satisfied launch customers that had ordered additional aircraft.[58] Operations performance data established the consistent capabilities of the twinjet over long-haul transoceanic routes, leading to additional sales.[74] By 1998, the 777 fleet had approached 900,000 flight hours.[75] Boeing states that the 777 fleet has a dispatch reliability (rate of departure from the gate with no more than 15 minutes delay due to technical issues) above 99 percent.[76][77][78][79]
Initial derivatives
Cathay Pacific introduced the stretched -300 variant on May 27, 1998 After the original model, Boeing developed an increased gross weight variant of the 777-200 with greater range and payload capability.[80] Initially named 777-200IGW,[81] the 777-200ER first flew on October 7, 1996,[82] received FAA and JAA certification on January 17, 1997,[83] and entered service with British Airways on February 9, 1997.[83] Offering greater long-haul performance, the variant became the most widely ordered version of the aircraft through the early 2000s.[80] On April 2, 1997, a Malaysia Airlines -200ER named "Super Ranger" broke the great circle "distance without landing" record for an airliner by flying eastward from Boeing Field, Seattle to Kuala Lumpur, a distance of 10,823 nautical miles (20,044 km; 12,455 mi), in 21 hours and 23 minutes.[75]
Following the introduction of the -200ER, Boeing turned its attention to a stretched version of the airliner. On October 16, 1997, the 777-300 made its first flight.[82] At 242.4 ft (73.9 m) in length, the -300 became the longest airliner yet produced (until the A340-600), and had a 20 percent greater overall capacity than the standard length model.[84] The -300 was awarded type certification simultaneously from the FAA and JAA on May 4, 1998,[85] and entered service with launch customer Cathay Pacific on May 27, 1998.[82][86]
The first generation of Boeing 777 models, the -200, -200ER, and -300 have since been known collectively as Boeing 777 Classics.[10]
Second generation models
Aircraft engine, forward-facing view with a Boeing engineer in front to demonstrate the engine's size. The engine's large circular intake contains a central hub with a swirl mark, surrounded by multiple curved fan blades. The more powerful GE90 engines of later variants has a 128 in (330 cm) diameter fan up from 123 in (310 cm) in earlier variants, and curved blades instead of straight ones From the program's start, Boeing had considered building ultra-long-range variants.[87] Early plans centered on a 777-100X proposal,[88] a shortened variant of the -200 with reduced weight and increased range,[88] similar to the 747SP.[89] However, the -100X would have carried fewer passengers than the -200 while having similar operating costs, leading to a higher cost per seat.[88][89] By the late 1990s, design plans shifted to longer-range versions of existing models.[88]
In March 1997, the Boeing board approved the 777-200X/300X specifications: 298 passengers in three classes over 8,600 nmi (15,900 km) for the 200X and 6,600 nmi (12,200 km) with 355 passengers in a tri-class layout for the 300X, with design freeze planned in May 1998, 200X certification in August 2000, and introduction in September and in January 2001 for the 300X. The 1.37 m (4 ft 6 in) wider wing was to be strengthened and the fuel capacity enlarged, and it was to be powered by simple derivatives with similar fans. GE was proposing a 454 kN (102,000 lbf) GE90-102B, while P&W offered its 436 kN (98,000 lbf) PW4098 and R-R was proposing a 437 kN (98,000 lbf) Trent 8100.[90] Rolls-Royce was also studying a Trent 8102 over 445 kN (100,000 lbf).[91] Boeing was studying a semi-levered, articulated main gear to help the take-off rotation of the proposed -300X, with its higher 324,600 kg (715,600 lb) MTOW.[92] By January 1999, its MTOW grew to 340,500 kg (750,000 lb), and thrust requirements increased to 110,000–114,000 lbf (490–510 kN).[93]
A more powerful engine in the thrust class of 100,000 lbf (440 kN) was required, leading to talks between Boeing and engine manufacturers. General Electric offered to develop the GE90-115B engine,[53] while Rolls-Royce proposed developing the Trent 8104 engine.[94] In 1999, Boeing announced an agreement with General Electric, beating out rival proposals.[53] Under the deal with General Electric, Boeing agreed to only offer GE90 engines on new 777 versions.[53]
On February 29, 2000, Boeing launched its next-generation twinjet program,[95] initially called 777-X,[87] and began issuing offers to airlines.[80] Development was slowed by an industry downturn during the early 2000s.[82] The first model to emerge from the program, the 777-300ER, was launched with an order for ten aircraft from Air France,[96] along with additional commitments.[80] On February 24, 2003, the -300ER made its first flight, and the FAA and EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency, successor to the JAA) certified the model on March 16, 2004.[97] The first delivery to Air France took place on April 29, 2004.[82] The -300ER, which combined the -300's added capacity with the -200ER's range, became the top-selling 777 variant in the late 2000s,[98] benefitting as airlines replaced comparable four-engine models with twinjets for their lower operating costs.[99]
The second long-range model, the 777-200LR, rolled out on February 15, 2005, and completed its first flight on March 8, 2005.[82] The -200LR was certified by both the FAA and EASA on February 2, 2006,[100] and the first delivery to Pakistan International Airlines occurred on February 26, 2006.[101] On November 10, 2005, the first -200LR set a record for the longest non-stop flight of a passenger airliner by flying 11,664 nautical miles (21,602 km) eastward from Hong Kong to London.[102] Lasting 22 hours and 42 minutes, the flight surpassed the -200LR's standard design range and was logged in the Guinness World Records.[103]
The production freighter model, the 777F, rolled out on May 23, 2008.[104] The maiden flight of the 777F, which used the structural design and engine specifications of the -200LR[105] along with fuel tanks derived from the -300ER, occurred on July 14, 2008.[106] FAA and EASA type certification for the freighter was received on February 6, 2009,[107] and the first delivery to launch customer Air France took place on February 19, 2009.[108][109]
Production developments and 777X
The improved and updated Boeing 777-9X was rolled out on March 13, 2019 See also: Boeing 777X Initially second to the 747 as Boeing's most profitable jetliner,[110] the 777 became the company's most lucrative model in the 2000s.[111] Program sales accounted for an estimated US$400 million of Boeing's pretax earnings in 2000, US$50 million more than the 747.[110] By 2004, the airliner accounted for the bulk of wide-body revenues for the Boeing Commercial Airplanes division.[112] In 2007, orders for second-generation 777 models approached 350 aircraft,[113] and in November of that year, Boeing announced that all production slots were sold out to 2012.[99] The program backlog of 356 orders was valued at US$95 billion at list prices in 2008.[114]
In 2010, Boeing announced plans to increase production from 5 aircraft per month to 7 aircraft per month by mid-2011, and 8.3 per month by early 2013.[115] Complete assembly of each 777-300ER requires 49 days.[116] The smaller Boeing 787 Dreamliner, the first stage of a replacement aircraft initiative called the Boeing Yellowstone Project,[117] entered service in 2011. Reportedly, the 777 could eventually be replaced by a new aircraft family, Yellowstone 3, which would draw upon technologies from the 787.[113] In November 2011, assembly began on the 1,000th 777, a -300ER model for Emirates,[116] which was rolled out in March 2012.[118]
By the late 2000s, the 777 was facing increased potential competition from Airbus' planned A350 XWB and internally from proposed 787 variants,[113] both airliners that offer fuel efficiency improvements. As a consequence, the 777-300ER received an engine and aerodynamics improvement package for reduced drag and weight.[119] In 2010, the variant further received a 5,000 lb (2,300 kg) maximum zero-fuel weight increase, equivalent to a higher payload of 20–25 passengers; its GE90-115B1 engines received a 1–2.5 percent thrust enhancement for increased takeoff weights at higher-altitude airports.[119] More changes were targeted for late 2012, including possible extension of the wingspan,[119] along with other major changes, including a composite wing, new powerplant, and different fuselage lengths.[119][120][121] Emirates was reportedly working closely with Boeing on the project, in conjunction with being a potential launch customer for new 777 versions.[122] Among customers for the aircraft during this period, China Airlines ordered ten 777-300ER aircraft to replace 747-400s on long-haul transpacific routes (with the first of those aircraft entering service in 2015), noting that the 777-300ER's per seat cost is about 20% lower than the 747's costs (varying due to fuel prices).[123]
In November 2013, with orders and commitments totaling 259 aircraft from Lufthansa, Emirates, Qatar Airways, and Etihad Airways, Boeing formally launched the 777X program, the third generation of the 777 (not to be confused with the 777-X variants, which were the second generation of the aircraft), with two models: the 777-8 and 777-9.[124] The 777-9 was to be a further stretched variant with a capacity of over 400 passengers and a range of over 15,200 km (8,200 nmi), whereas the 777-8 was slated to seat approximately 350 passengers and have a range of over 17,200 km (9,300 nmi).[124] Both models were to be equipped with new generation GE9X engines and feature new composite wings with folding wingtips. The first member of the 777X family, the 777-9, was set to enter service by 2020. By the mid-2010s, the 777 had become prevalent on the longest flights internationally and had become the most widely used airliner for transpacific routes, with variants of the type operating over half of all scheduled flights and with the majority of transpacific carriers.[125][126]
By April 2014, with cumulative sales surpassing those of the 747, the 777 became the best-selling wide-body airliner; at existing production rates, the aircraft was on track to become the most-delivered wide-body airliner by mid-2016.[127] By February 2015, the backlog of undelivered 777s totaled 278 aircraft, representing just under three years of current production at 8.3 aircraft per month,[128] causing Boeing to ponder the 2018-2020 time frame. In January 2016, Boeing confirmed plans to reduce the production rate of the 777 family from 8.3 per month to 7 per month in 2017 to help close the production gap between the 777 and 777X created by a lack of new orders.[129] In 2018, assembling test 777-9 aircraft was expected to lower output to an effective rate of 5.5 per month.[130] Boeing was expected to drop 777 production to five per month in August 2017.[131]
Updates and improvements
Air France received the first 777-300ER on April 29, 2004 In tandem with the development of the third generation Boeing 777X, Boeing worked with General Electric to offer a 2% improvement in fuel efficiency to in-production 777-300ER aircraft. General Electric improved the fan module and the high-pressure compressor stage-1 blisk in the GE-90-115 turbofan, as well as reduced clearances between the tips of the turbine blades and the shroud during cruise. These improvements, of which the latter is the most important and was derived from work to develop the 787, were stated by GE to lower fuel burn by 0.5%. Boeing's wing modifications were intended to deliver the remainder. Boeing stated that every 1% improvement in the 777-300ER's fuel burn translates into being able to fly the aircraft another 75 nmi (139 km; 86 mi) on the same load of fuel, or add ten passengers or 2,400 lb (1,100 kg) of cargo to a "load limited" flight.[132]
In March 2015, additional details of the improvement package were unveiled. The 777-300ER was to shed 1,800 lb (820 kg) by replacing the fuselage crown with tie rods and composite integration panels, similar to those used on the 787. The new flight control software was to eliminate the need for the tail skid by keeping the tail off the runway surface regardless of the extent to which pilots command the elevators. Boeing was also redesigning the inboard flap fairings to reduce drag by reducing pressure on the underside of the wing. The outboard raked wingtip was to have a divergent trailing edge, described as a "poor man's airfoil" by Boeing; this was originally developed for the McDonnell Douglas MD-12 project. Another change involved elevator trim bias. These changes were to increase fuel efficiency and allow airlines to add 14 additional seats to the airplane, increasing per seat fuel efficiency by 5%.[133]
Mindful of the long time required to bring the 777X to the market, Boeing continued to develop improvement packages which improve fuel efficiency, as well as lower prices for the existing product. In January 2015, United Airlines ordered ten 777-300ERs, normally costing around US$150 million each but paid around US$130 million, a discount to bridge the production gap to the 777X.[134] The roll-out of the prototype 777X, a 777-9 model, occurred on March 13, 2019.[135]
As of 2019, Boeing lists prices for the 777-200ER, -200LR, 777F, -300ER, 777-8, and 777-9 variants. The -200ER is the only Classic variant remaining available.[5]
Design Aircraft belly section. Close view of engines, extended landing gear and angled control flaps. The engines and extended slats, flaps, and landing gear of an American Airlines Boeing 777-200ER.
Front view of an Emirates 777-300ER, showing fuselage profile, wing dihedral, and GE90 engines Boeing introduced a number of advanced technologies with the 777 design, including fully digital fly-by-wire controls,[136] fully software-configurable avionics, Honeywell LCD glass cockpit flight displays,[137] and the first use of a fiber optic avionics network on a commercial airliner.[138] Boeing made use of work done on the cancelled Boeing 7J7 regional jet,[139] which utilized similar versions of the chosen technologies.[139] In 2003, Boeing began offering the option of cockpit electronic flight bag computer displays.[140] In 2013, Boeing announced that the upgraded 777X models would incorporate airframe, systems, and interior technologies from the 787.[141]
Fly-by-wire In designing the 777 as its first fly-by-wire commercial aircraft, Boeing decided to retain conventional control yokes rather than change to sidestick controllers as used in many fly-by-wire fighter aircraft and in many Airbus airliners.[136] Along with traditional yoke and rudder controls, the cockpit features a simplified layout that retains similarities to previous Boeing models.[142] The fly-by-wire system also incorporates flight envelope protection, a system that guides pilot inputs within a computer-calculated framework of operating parameters, acting to prevent stalls, overspeeds, and excessively stressful maneuvers.[136] This system can be overridden by the pilot if deemed necessary.[136] The fly-by-wire system is supplemented by mechanical backup.[143]
Airframe and systems Aircraft in flight, underside view. The jet's two wings have one engine each. The rounded nose leads to a straight body section, which tapers at the tail section with its two rear fins. The planform view of a Boeing 777-300ER, with raked wingtips The wings on the 777 feature a supercritical airfoil design that is swept back at 31.6 degrees and optimized for cruising at Mach 0.83 (revised after flight tests up to Mach 0.84).[144] The wings are designed with increased thickness and a longer span than previous airliners, resulting in greater payload and range, improved takeoff performance, and a higher cruising altitude.[58] The wings also serve as fuel storage, with longer-range models able to carry up to 47,890 US gallons (181,300 L) of fuel.[145] This capacity allows the 777-200LR to operate ultra-long-distance, trans-polar routes such as Toronto to Hong Kong.[146] In 2013, a new wing made of composite materials was introduced for the upgraded 777X, with a wider span and design features based on the 787's wings.[141]
Unlike smaller airliners like the Boeing 737, no current 777 wings have winglets; instead, the exceptionally long raked wings of the 777 serve the same drag-reducing function. Large folding wingtips, 21 feet (6.40 m) long, were offered when the 777 was first launched, to appeal to airlines who might use gates made to accommodate smaller aircraft, but no airline purchased this option.[147] Folding wingtips reemerged as a design feature at the announcement of the upgraded 777X in 2013. Smaller folding wingtips of 11 feet (3.35 m) in length will allow 777X models to use the same airport gates and taxiways as earlier 777s.[141] These smaller folding wingtips are less complex than those proposed for earlier 777s, and internally only affect the wiring needed for wingtip lights.[141]
Aircraft landing gear. Six wheel gear on the ground, with attachment assembly and gear door leading up to the aircraft belly. The six-wheel undercarriage of a Boeing 777 The airframe incorporates the use of composite materials, which comprise nine percent of its original structural weight (all models outside the 777-8 and 777-9).[148] Elements made from composite material include the cabin floor and rudder. The main fuselage cross-section is circular[149] and tapers rearward into a blade-shaped tail cone with a port-facing auxiliary power unit.[9] The aircraft also features the largest landing gear and the biggest tires ever used in a commercial jetliner.[150] The six-wheel bogies are designed to spread the load of the aircraft over a wide area without requiring an additional centerline gear. This helps reduce weight and simplifies the aircraft's braking and hydraulic systems. Each tire of a 777-300ER six-wheel main landing gear can carry a load of 59,490 lb (26,980 kg), which is heavier than other wide-bodies such as the 747-400.[151] The aircraft has triple redundant hydraulic systems with only one system required for landing.[152] A ram air turbine—a small retractable device which can provide emergency power—is also fitted in the wing root fairing.[153]
Interior Airliner cabin. Rows of seats arranged between two aisles. Each seatback has a monitor; light shines from the sidewalls and overhead bins. The Economy cabin of an Etihad Airways Boeing 777-300ER in a 3-3-3 layout. Airliner cabin. Rows of seats arranged between two aisles. The Royal Laurel Class (Business Class) cabin in a 1-2-1 reverse herringbone layout on an EVA Air 777-300ER The original 777 interior, also known as the Boeing Signature Interior, features curved panels, larger overhead bins, and indirect lighting.[71] Seating options range from four[154] to six abreast in first class up to ten abreast in economy.[155] The 777's windows were the largest of any current commercial airliner until the 787, and measure 15-inch (380 mm) by 10-inch (250 mm) in size (all models outside the 777-8 and -9).[156] The cabin also features "Flexibility Zones", which entails deliberate placement of water, electrical, pneumatic, and other connection points throughout the interior space, allowing airlines to move seats, galleys, and lavatories quickly and more easily when adjusting cabin arrangements.[155] Several aircraft have also been fitted with VIP interiors for non-airline use.[157] Boeing designed a hydraulically damped toilet seat cover hinge that closes slowly.[158]
In 2003, Boeing introduced overhead crew rests as an option on the 777.[159] Located above the main cabin and connected via staircases, the forward flight crew rest contains two seats and two bunks, while the aft cabin crew rest features multiple bunks.[159] The Signature Interior has since been adapted for other Boeing wide-body and narrow-body aircraft, including 737NG, 747-400, 757-300, and newer 767 models, including all 767-400ER models.[160][161] The 747-8 and 767-400ER have also adopted the larger, more rounded windows of the original 777.
In 2011, Flight International reported that Boeing is considering replacing the Signature Interior on the 777 with a new interior similar to that on the 787, as part of a move towards a "common cabin experience" across all Boeing platforms.[162] With the launch of the 777X in 2013, Boeing confirmed that the aircraft would be receiving a new interior featuring 787 cabin elements and larger windows.[141] Further details released in 2014 included re-sculpted cabin sidewalls for greater interior room, noise-dampening technology, and higher cabin humidity.[163]
Air France has a 777-300ER sub-fleet with 472 seats each, more than any other international 777, to achieve a cost per available seat kilometer (CASK) around €.05, similar to Level’s 314-seat Airbus A330-200, its benchmark for low-cost, long-haul. Competing on similar French overseas departments destinations, Air Caraïbes has 389 seats on the A350-900 and 429 on the -1000. French Bee’s is even more dense with its 411 seats A350-900, due to 10-abreast economy seating, reaching a €.04 CASK according to Air France, and lower again with its 480 seats -1000.[164]
Variants Boeing uses two characteristics – fuselage length and range – to define its 777 models.[23][165] Passengers and cargo capacity varies by fuselage length: the 777-300 has a stretched fuselage compared to the base 777-200. Three range categories were defined: the A-market would cover domestic and regional operations, the B-market would cover routes from Europe to the US West coast and the C-market the longest transpacific routes.[166] The A-market would be covered by a 4,200 nmi (7,800 km) range, 234 t (516,000 lb) MTOW aircraft for 353 to 374 passengers powered by 316 kN (71,000 lbf) engines, followed by a 6,600 nmi (12,200 km) B-market range for 286 passengers in three-class, with 365 kN (82,000 lbf) unit thrust and 263 t (580,000 lb) of MTOW, an A340 competitor, basis of an A-market 409 to 434 passengers stretch, and eventually a 7,600 nmi (14,000 km) C-market with 400 kN (90,000 lbf) engines.[167]
When referring to different variants, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) code collapses the 777 model designator and the -200 or -300 variant designator to "772" or "773".[168] The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aircraft type designator system adds a preceding manufredesigned main landing gear, and additional structural strengthening.[182] As with the -300ER and 777F, the -200
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2020.09.19 16:38 hughmcf [EVENT] BREAKING: Iran Ties Arrest of Australian Academic to Australian Naval Deployment

ABC News - Just in:

Posted 10 hours ago.

FM Mohammad Javad Zarif: Iran has “no reason to approve an executive release of Kylie Moore-Gilbert”.

In surprisingly frank remarks unusual for the world of international diplomacy, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif appears to have confirmed suspicions that detained Australian-British academic Dr. Kylie Moore-Gilbert is being held in Iran as retaliation for Australian naval patrols in the Strait of Hormuz.
The revelation comes fresh on the heels of the Federal Government’s latest plea for Dr. Moore-Gilbert’s release. The detained academic was convicted of espionage by Iranian courts in a secret trial in 2018, although the Australian Government has repeatedly denied both the validity and fairness of Iran’s accusations.
Speaking to the press this morning, Foreign Minister Marise Payne expressed grave concern for Dr. Moore-Gilbert’s wellbeing in light of conditions in Qarchak Prison, which is often labelled one of the most dangerous prisons in the world. Minister Payne also took the opportunity to condemn Iran’s actions, saying “Australia has never, and will never, use innocent civilians as pawns to help its foreign policy agenda. That Iran would hijack an honest, partner-to-partner conversation about Kylie’s wellbeing and use it as an opportunity to raise concerns about otherwise-unrelated naval exercises is disappointing to say the least”.
Minister Payne’s Iranian counterpart indirectly referred to Australia's 2019-20 participation in US-led naval patrols in the contested Strait of Hormuz, which was perceived to have complemented President Trump’s anti-Iran foreign policy agenda, when making his remarks.
Likely alluding to Australia’s strong support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, informally known as the Iranian Nuclear Deal, Minister Payne went on to say that “Australia continues to support Iran’s full inclusion in the international community, but Tehran’s current behaviour should be cause for alarm. This is not an example of acting in good faith”.
As the Government faces mounting pressure to expedite Dr. Moore-Gilbert’s release from a coalition of community advocacy groups and federal backbenchers, Canberra may soon be forced to take a tougher stance than it would have previously sought.
Although national security analysts predict a number of options are likely on the table, since speaking to the press, Minister Payne has refused to provide further clarification as to what steps the Government intends to take.
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2020.09.19 15:53 suggestionprompt Need Support: Everything seems useless

Hello! Today is day 110 of sobriety, but in the background I have - 1 week of benefits until I they stop (I was laid off because of COVID) I have been unable to find a job. - My partner saw another Sex Worker last week, so I'm living alone and looking for a house... Today I see my 3&4 - Trying to actually carry through with the breakup, which is seeming more and more difficult. - I can't fly home to Australia until COVID has lifted a bit. But anyway, I just noticed a date on my PR form is incorrect (sign from God?)
Anyway, I'd love some support because I feel extremely close to drinking right now. I can't really see the benefit of it, but I'm just a wreck so I don't see it as a bad thing either. It's very easy to believe that God has a plan until everything fucks up at once.
Anyone have any kind words? Anyone one day 111 and can tell me how crazy good it is?
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2020.09.19 12:32 GraceTheSquid I (F/18) am finally closing the distance with my S/O (M/25) for 4 months, need advice for living away from parents and everything else i've ever known.

I (F/18) am finally closing the distance with my S/O (M/25) for 4 months, need advice for living away from parents and everything else i've ever known.
Hi there, sorry if i get something wrong, it's my first time posting in this sub.
So, me (F18) and my partner (M25) of around 6 months will be finally closing the distence in 6 weeks time for 4 months when I finish University for the year and both of us are extreamly happy and excited that we finally get peace of mind about spending time together (we've been thrown around a lot this year which I'll explain).
For some quick background information: we live in Australia but in different states which are currently in a fued over border restrictions; I (Queensland) and Him (New South Wales) as my state has closed to his over Corona. We met in person at the beginning of this year and have only been able to see eachother for 2 weeks this entire year due to these restrictions. But it's not just this, it's also the pain of the uncertainty as my state keeps slamming our border shut whenever they feel like it and I never know if I'll have to go home early or if it means I won't be able to see him again for some time. Which poses the possibility of me having an extreamly hard time trying to come back into my state - but it's a risk I'm willing to take and my parents are fully supportive in this (they pretty much think of him as a son-in-law already). Regardless of borders shutting and opening I will be down there for the 4 months.
I have lived with my parents all my life and honestly don't have too much real life experience (my partner knows this and is super supportive in helping me with this) - I haven't even had a job before due to my family wanting me to focus on my education. And the longest I've been away from them is 2 weeks in another country. Luckily I have been able to form a strong friend group down in Sydney where I'll be going, but there's also some issues starting to come up with his ex which is only causing problems because she lives with 2 of our friends currently (but that's a whole other story).
I also see his home with his family as a second home to me but I'm still worried about getting super homesick and missing everything I'm used to and I'm not sure how to cope with that. I also won't have the license to drive on my own yet and I'm worried about that being a burden (even though he's more than happy to drive me around as we pretty much always go to things together) - he is an extreamly kind, genuine and an honourable person and I consider myself very lucky.
So here's where my question is... Does anyone have advice for moving away from my parents and everything I've ever known? Or any helpful advice for not being home or even certain things I should take down with me as I have to pack my life into one suitcase and a backpack?
I am also doing this as I will be offically moving down there in 2 years when i finish my degree and I feel like this is good practice being away from my family and a stepping stone to living together. Not only because of him but becuase Sydney has the highest employment rate for my industry.
But through all of this I have no regrets as he is the one (as cheesy as that sounds). They say when you know, you know and well... Both of us know that we're the one. He is my soulmate and we can do anything together and talk about absolutly everything. I have always felt safe and loved around him and he has always treated me with respect and dignity. However, we get a lot of hate from those who don't know us personally as the age gap of 7 years and the time frame we have been together but what most people don't know is that the day after we met we were voice chatting from the moment he finished work until 3am in the morning and it hasnt stopped since (well, instead of keeping him up so late we just fall asleep on call together). So, we ended up spending A LOT of time talking - more than you would have in a typicall relationship so we got to know eachother very quickly.
I'm also not worried about the aspects of living with him and the things I have to get comfortable with as we pretty much moved pass that stage already as time to us is precious and we don't want to waste it being grossed out by our bad habbits etc.
Any advice or your own personal experience would be greatly appriciated.
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2020.09.19 09:47 hughmcf [EVENT] Australian Voices

Much has been made of Australia’s return to the strategic fore in the Indo-Pacific, with Canberra pledging billions of dollars in fresh defence spending and regional economic investment. Yet as decisive as this newfound strategic resolve may appear, it will mean nothing if Australia’s partners in the Indo-Pacific are not meaningfully engaged at the same time. To that end, after years of budgetary cuts and inadequate attention, the Federal Government has at long last committed to a restoration of Australia’s media footprint in the Pacific region. Speaking to the press this afternoon, Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced the creation of the ‘Pacific Voice’ network, in addition to significant reforms to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS).

Pacific Voice:

Fixing past mistakes:
In 2017, ABC decision makers made a fatal error when they triggered sweeping cuts to Radio Australia (RA), a Pacific-focused radio station run by the public broadcaster since the early 20th century. This brought an end to all shortwave radio transmissions outside of Australia and Fiji and was accompanied by a general reduction in the amount of content produced by RA. In one felled swoop, Australia had cleanly decapitated almost all of its soft power media capabilities in a region of critical strategic concern. A perfect own goal.
Seeking to reverse this error, the Federal Government has announced that Radio Australia will undergo two major changes. The first will see a return to shortwave radio transmissions in those areas of regional Australia which also relied on RA broadcasting (affected residents included cattle station owners, Indigenous ranger groups and fishermen). The second change, meanwhile, will see $30 million in funding pledged to RA’s Pacific broadcasting, with all Pacific-focused broadcasting being bundled into the new ‘Pacific Voice’ network.
Radio for all:
Under this new operating framework, with the permission of local regulators, Pacific Voice will resume RA shortwave transmissions in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Nauru, Vanuatu, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Tonga, Samoa, New Caledonia, the New Zealand Pacific territories (Niue, Tokelau the Cook Islands and even New Zealand itself if Wellington approves), the Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Timor-Leste. As was previously the case, these transmissions will be made in English, French and Tok Pisin (PNG), with Portuguese also being offered in Timor-Leste. All foreign language broadcasting shall be produced with the assistance of SBS staff.
Beyond the radio set:
In addition to resumed shortwave radio transmissions, Pacific Voice will also leverage its new funding to increase its television-specific and digital media content. This is expected to include a large amount of social media content for consumption on platforms such as Facebook, YouTube and Snapchat. While most of this content will be produced in the organisation’s Australian offices, content will also be produced from the ABC’s PNG, New Zealand and Fiji offices, with additional offices set to be established in New Caledonia and Kiribati (with local permission). Naturally this effort will collectively demand a much larger personnel pool, and so Pacific Voice will aim to increase the size of its staff by 40% by 2025.

Domestic public broadcasting reforms:

ABC 用普通话!
While serious dilemmas face Australia’s public broadcasters abroad, the domestic situation also remains far from ideal. As an example, due to the unjustified expulsion of ABC correspondent, Bill Birtles, and Australian Financial Review correspondent, Mike Smith, from Beijing, Australia is left without a single mainstream media journalist in China.
But while Australia is without a single correspondent in China, Beijing maintains a large mainstream media apparatus in Australia, using broadcasters such as the CGTN to build a propaganda machine around the nation’s sizable Chinese-Australian community. Although there have been isolated calls from senior cabinet members to restrict or even expel “foreign journalists” working for networks such as CGTN, Prime Minister Scott Morrison has instead opted to openly compete with Beijing-sponsored media groups working in Australia, pledging $10 million towards the establishment of a Mandarin language wing within the ABC. Known in English as ‘Australian Heart’ (澳大利亚心脏), the wing will not only work to translate existing ABC content into Mandarin, but also to produce original Mandarin language content as a means of providing a more balanced and informative broadcasting stream as compared to Beijing-sponsored content. Speaking to the press, Prime Minister Morrison struck a defiant tone: “Australia will not race Beijing to the gutter on press freedom. We will not expel Chinese journalists from our country. That’s not the Australian way. The Australian way is to compete fairly and to be honest. This new language wing represents a fair go for Mandarin-speaking Australians, who deserve honest and fair media coverage as much as any other group of Australians.”
Quiet SBS reforms:
Finally, with the media fixated on reforms to the ABC and RA, foreign language broadcaster SBS will quietly make reforms to its Cantonese and Mandarin media content. As reported in Clive Hamilton’s 2018 book, ‘Silent Invasion’, state-controlled Chinese broadcasters play a significant role in producing the SBS’ Chinese language content, with many stories often being written in Beijing before being sent to the SBS for public release, and state journalists dispatched from Beijing maintaining an all-hours presence at Chinese language radio broadcasting sites. Under its new operating framework, however, the SBS will dismiss all state journalists from its broadcasting sites and will henceforth produce all its Chinese language content independently. Though these changes will be conducted quietly, they will have the effect of ejecting the Chinese Government from the SBS’ Chinese language media creation process, restoring journalistic integrity to the broadcaster after years of undue state influence.
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2020.09.19 06:58 BellyPuffer Setting Boundaries For Family Members As Due Date Gets Closer

Hi! I'm new here & expecting my first baby December 9th. I have a couple of things that have been on my mind and have been driving me crazy lately, and I figured to come here for advice from pregnant women who have been in my shoes. I'm currently living with my partner and his parents, who are extremely wonderful in-laws and have helped and supported me so much throughout the years that I have dated their son. I moved countries to be with him in 2018, leaving my side of the family back home to start my own life.
Here in Australia, during these pandemic times I only have my partner and his side of the family for love and support. I do appreciate that I have them, I'm just scared my Mother won't be able to travel and be here with me during labour, because of the boarders being closed. I'm lucky I have my in-laws and to make things clear, they are not the problem at all!
It's actually me, I'm a really quiet person and I'm used to people making decisions for me. In other words I find it hard to voice my own opinion if I find it will offend or hurt another's feelings. I've noticed I'm only like this towards people I'm not close to or have grown up with. Although I've known my Partner's family for 4 years now, I just haven't bonded with them enough to the point where I'm comfortable to talk to them about problems and I'm kind of uncertain of how they'll react to me wanting space when my baby's here.
I've had a lot of time to think about what I want for my baby, and there are a few boundaries I want to establish with my partner's family. I've yet to have that kind of talk with them, which is why I've come here to ask how I can approach the subject lightly but sternly to let my in-laws and their family know that I'm serious and that they'll listen and respect my wishes for my baby. I don't want to come off as a possessive daughter-in-law who wants to keep her baby away from everyone. I just want to figure things out on my own and not have people I'm not close with telling me what to do and how to do things with my own kid.
Let me know what I can do in the comments! :) It'll really help me out, thanks!
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2020.09.19 04:56 RideshareAZ Delivery News from RideshareArizona.com Here's Why Investors Should Hold On to McDonald's Stock NowIt has also partnered with DoorDash. The company announced that Australia posted positive comps for May and June driven by strong drive-thru and ...https://ridesharearizona.com/heres-why-i...

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2020.09.19 04:26 RideshareAZ Delivery News from RideshareArizona.com Here's Why Investors Should Hold On to McDonald's Stock NowIt has also partnered with DoorDash. The company announced that Australia posted positive comps for May and June driven by strong drive-thru and ...https://ridesharearizona.com/heres-why-i...

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2020.09.18 23:09 HooptyDooDooMeister Test - please ignore

With Survivor filming for seasons 41 and 42 indefinitely postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, EW is reaching back into the reality show’s past. We sent a Survivor Quarantine Questionnaire to a batch of former players to fill out with their thoughts about their time on the show as well as updates on what they’ve been up to since. Each weekday, EW will post the answers from a different player.
The most famous couple in Survivor history might not be so famous if it weren’t for a tattooed and sometime mohawked punk drummer. Most fans remember that Amber Brkich was almost a goner on Survivor: All-Stars after the Chapera tribe lost the immunity competition. But as the tribe was leaving the challenge, Boston Rob Mariano approached Lex van den Berghe with a plea: “You take care of her, I’ll take care of you.”
Lex did, and Rob repaid the favor by voting him out at the very next Tribal Council. While Lex’s move had huge implications in the game, with Amber and Rob both making it the final 2, the person who ended up on the wrong side of the deal-not-kept points out that it had even bigger implications outside of the game.
“I also think you could argue that if Amber had been voted out, she and Rob likely would never have married,” says Lex. "Thing is, Amber would’ve been the last non-juror voted out and would’ve spent the last few weeks of the game in an exotic locale with someone she had romantic history with (you do the math). I’m still waiting for that thank you card from the Marianos!"
Four Mariano kids later seems to prove Lex may indeed deserve that card. In his Quarantine Questionnaire, Lex gets into all the details of how exactly the Amber non-vote went down. He also talks about a super-scary medical situation in Survivor: Africa that was never aired, and explains why he has no problem being seen as a reality TV villain: “I would much rather be remembered as a villain than disappear into obscurity as a hero.” You will certainly remember this Survivor Quarantine Questionnaire.
Survivor
MONTY BRINTON/CBS PHOTO ARCHIVE VIA GETTY IMAGES ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY: First off, give the update as to what you’ve been up to since appearing on Survivor.
LEX VAN DEN BERGHE: Hi Dalton! Can you believe it’s been nearly 20 years since Africa and 17 since All-Stars? My life is essentially the same as it was before I played Survivor, which is just how I like it. My wife Kelly and I are still living happily ever after in Santa Cruz, California, with our small herd of dogs and cats. My boys are not really boys anymore, but grown men now, and make me proud every day. I’m still playing drums in a few bands, including a couple of rock and roll bands, The Maids of Honor and The Lawn Vultures, and an instrumental surf band called Fascinating Creatures of the Deep. I’ve been lucky to do a bunch of travel all over the world (both recreationally and for work) which helps feed my insatiable wanderlust, and I make a point of visiting my old Survivor brother Big Tom every year for three weeks to work on his farm in Virginia. I also try to get out and go off-road backcountry motorcycle camping with my crew of close friends as often as possible. I’m incredibly blessed… I have a very good life.
What is your proudest moment ever from playing Survivor?
I’d like to think that I may have played a small part in helping to break down some stereotypes and maybe open a few peoples’ minds so they might not be so quick to judge a book by its cover. It’s hard to believe in this day and age that just 20 years ago you never really saw heavily tattooed people on primetime TV (unless they were freaks, thugs, or bikers). Back then, being heavily tattooed carried a lot of negative social stigma. At the very least, people assumed that if you were heavily tattooed, you were likely dangerous, dim-witted or on the dole.
I remember the day that Probst called me to ask if I’d be interested in coming back for All-Stars — he told me that they’d conducted surveys and focus groups to find out which previous players were most popular with a list of audience demographic groups. Then he told me that he couldn’t believe the data showed I was a fan favorite with kids and older people. That really warmed my heart and got me to thinking: What might’ve seemed completely at odds with logic or common sense actually made complete sense — kids can still see good and bad with clear eyes because their minds haven’t been clouded and jaded by stereotyping, bias, or social pressure, and older people have the wisdom of a long and well-lived life behind them which has taught them the value of an open mind.
And this doesn’t just apply to people with a lot of tattoos — the heart of the issue is that anyone who’s different, be it because of their skin color, religion, lifestyle, orientation, or appearance is a human being who should be given the benefit of the doubt and judged on their actions and heart, rather than their appearance or stereotypes that might be associated with them. It was so validating for me to hear that I scored high with these folks, and I ain’t gonna lie… it was fun to see Probst struggling to understand those results. He may have learned something new that day too.
Other than that, I was pretty proud to win the lion’s share of immunity and reward challenges in Africa. Sure, those wins were an absolute necessity for me to stay in the game, but it sure felt good to win them.
What is your biggest regret from your Survivor experiences?
“NO RAGRETS.” I don’t believe in them.
But would I do anything differently if I could go back? Hell, yeah! I’m sure I don’t need to mention it, but I would’ve tried much harder to convince Kathy that we should vote out Amber and keep Jerri on All-Stars. Unfortunately, a significant part of my Survivor legacy and what many people remember me for, was the game-ending decision to save Amber, which subsequently teed up Boston Rob to dominate the rest of the game. Most people don’t know this, but the decision to keep Amber in the game was actually Kathy’s.
She and I had made a rock-solid alliance to the end, and we discussed who should go in that Tribal Council at length. I wanted to keep Jerri — Jerri was a close friend of mine outside the game and I knew I could work with her. But Kathy felt we could trust Rob, and believed that saving his girl might curry favor with him once we merged. I’m also pretty sure Kathy preferred to let Jerri go because I was so close to her, but Kathy didn’t really know or trust her. But I believe that if we’d kept Jerri and sent Amber packing, All-Stars would’ve ended very differently with a final four of Kathy, Jerri, Big Tom, and me.
We would’ve had the numbers (Big Tom and I were locked and loaded before we even left the States) and we would’ve capitalized on Rob’s weakness, with him having lost his partner. I also think you could argue that if Amber had been voted out, she and Rob likely would never have married. Thing is, Amber would’ve been the last non-juror voted out and would’ve spent the last few weeks of the game in an exotic locale with someone she had romantic history with (you do the math). I’m still waiting for that thank you card from the Marianos!
What’s something that will blow fans minds that happened out there in one of your seasons but never made it to TV?
There are SO many things viewers at home don’t see, but would make for great TV, because 3 days of game are condensed into 44 minutes for each episode.
Most people don’t realize that Survivor: Africa winner and my good friend Ethan Zohn nearly declined my alliance, which arguably would’ve cost him the game. I approached Big Tom on day one and asked him if he wanted to make an alliance, because I knew we had a lot in common and I knew I wanted to work with him (this of course came as a complete shock to production, as they had likely put us on the same tribe assuming the redneck and tattooed liberal freak would clash from the get-go).
Within a few minutes of discussion, Tom and I were shaking hands and had forged what I believe to be the strongest alliance in Survivor history. I knew I wanted a strong third partner, so I approached Ethan on day two and pitched the deal to him. He was hesitant and told me he’d want a lot more time to evaluate and think about it, and he wanted time to weigh his options. I told him that was understandable and I wouldn’t hold it against him if he declined — but I gave him until sundown to make his decision, at which point, if he turned us down, I would move on to my next choice and the offer would be null and void. As the sun was hitting the horizon that evening, Ethan came to me and Tom, and we had our power trio on lock.
I also don’t think people fully comprehend how brutally difficult and taxing Survivor: Africa really was. Many of us experienced injuries or physical events that would surely get you pulled from the game in new school Survivor. For me, that came about two weeks in, when I was swapped over to the Samburu tribe, and I found myself peeing blood — not blood mixed in with my urine, but peeing straight blood. I privately pulled a producer aside and showed them what was happening, so they brought in medical, who confirmed that this was a sign that my kidneys were in early failure.
They gave me three days to hydrate and take it easier — if I wasn’t peeing clear in three days they told me I’d get yanked. I confided only in Big Tom, and over the next few days, he shared some of his water with me so I’d have a bit more and he worked harder so I could recover. Three days later, I finally peed clear.
Another challenge in Africa was that you had to have 2 people awake and on-watch throughout the night, to constantly keep a fire burning 3-4 feet high to keep predators away. At first, we tried having everyone take shifts, but it became quickly apparent that most players were building a big fire and then going to sleep, only to result in a dangerously low and dim fire when the next person’s turn came. We knew this was super risky, so Tom and I agreed to share watch duty for the rest of the game, because we could pull off the all-nighters. But I ain’t gonna lie, not having a single night’s sleep in 38 days is no joke… it tore us up. The upside though was being able to bond one-on-one, surrounded by the sounds and beauty of the African night around us, which often included the sounds of zebra being savaged and ripped apart by lions (it’s a hair-raising sound – a combination of manic donkey braying and screaming).
Most folks don’t realize we celebrated Thanksgiving on All-Stars. The holiday hit right around the halfway point, just before merge, when I was on a tribe with Kathy, Shii Ann, Jerri and Amber. I left early that morning to my favorite fishing spot and speared a nice catch of fish that the ladies prepared at camp. We had a nice “sit-down” meal and shared family stories of Thanksgivings past. It was a lovely experience.
How do you feel about the edit you got on the show?
I’m fine with it. We all know what we’re signing up for, and realize that producers have to create entertainment that will capture millions of minds – it’s big business. I never expected anything less than a provocative (and probably) villain’s edit because… look at me! I also provided producers with plenty of material to make that job easier for them. Anyone who knows me will tell you that I speak my mind and I’m intense (especially in a competitive context).
Combine that with starvation, dehydration, sleep deprivation, stress, and then dangle a million bucks in front of me… well that’s a sure-fire recipe for some volatile, explosive stuff. But I would much rather be remembered as a villain than disappear into obscurity as a hero. Villains are always so much more interesting than heroes, and though I don’t think I was really a villain in the classic sense — more of an anti-hero — I loved my role as a controversial and polarizing “love him or hate him” player.
What was it like coming back to regular society after being out there? Was there culture shock or an adjustment coming back?
I was definitely a bit different when I got back from Africa — my wife Kelly said that I had “crazy eyes” — and the world that I came back to initially felt strange and unnatural to me. Make no mistake, I was ecstatic about the abundance of food and I ate everything in sight (I actually had a small food hoarding issue for a while after my return). But for a few weeks, I felt claustrophobic indoors — I hated walls and ceilings and had a devil of a time sleeping inside. I’d wake up constantly each night in a panic and cold sweat and had no idea where I was. I just wanted to be outside.
The utter noisiness of the world was also disorienting – the sound of automobiles, appliances, TV… all of it was a bit of a shock. I also had some challenges dealing with paranoia and trust issues after I got home — that part of my personality and psyche got temporarily warped after playing the game, and I even had difficulty engaging comfortably with close friends for a while. I came back a bit reclusive and socially awkward, and often craved connection with some of my fellow castmates, as I knew that only they could relate to my headspace and the challenges of our shared experience.
The other shock that I was never prepared for was the instant fame we all came home to. I naively had no idea how big a deal Survivor was in the media when I went out and played, and back then in the early days, it was a huge deal. A few weeks after coming home from the game I began to see myself on the covers of popular magazines, and on primetime TV commercials and I just wasn’t ready for it. I remember when TV Guide (which was a very popular magazine at the time) put out an issue where each of us got our own exclusive cover, and one day when I went to my local supermarket to shop for the week’s groceries, I saw my face filling the cover of every TV Guide on every cash register end-cap. I was kind of mortified and went to every end-cap and turned the magazines around front-to-back.
It was also strange to be recognized everywhere I went, no matter how far away from home. I traveled much of the world in the 3 or 4 years following Survivor: Africa, and wherever I went (Australia, Asia, the South Pacific, South America, or Europe) I was recognized and stopped many times a day. This all sounds like a lot of fun (and it often is) but when you go from anonymous to world famous in just a day, it’s a lot to take in.
Was there ever a point either during the game or after you got back where you regretted going on the show?
Again, I don’t believe in regret — every negative experience gives us information to learn from and grow on, so they’re ultimately good things. But if I tweak your question slightly and tell you if there was ever a time when I might’ve been feeling the negative impacts of playing Survivor in a profound way, that would be the effect it had for a few years on my family, who are my world to me.
It was especially difficult for my older son Corbin, who is autistic. People on the autistic spectrum are most content and successful when their world follows a regimented routine, and Survivor, as you might imagine, upended all of our lives dramatically. For Corbin, this was a nightmare… we couldn’t go anywhere outside the house without having a constant stream of strangers asking for photos and autographs (kind of fun for me, but definitely not so much for Corbin). There were evenings when we sat down to dinner and we’d look out to find news vans filming us through the window eating supper. I also traveled a great deal after playing Survivor: Africa, volunteering at charity fundraisers, speaking at big events, and doing a variety of other Survivor-related work, and this was also rough on my family.
Whom do you still talk, text, or email with the most from your seasons?
I talk to Big Tom at least once or twice a week and visit him on his farm for 3 weeks every year, I chat fairly regularly with Ethan and T-Bird, and I see Lindsay at least once a year… these folks are all like family to me, and I love them dearly. I’m still close to most everyone else as well, and keep in touch through social media.
As far as All-Stars, I am still very close to Jerri, Kathy, and Tina — all remarkably strong and lovely women who each hold a piece of my heart.
Do you still watch Survivor, and if so, what’s your favorite season you were not on and why?
I still watch every season of Survivor. My favorite season that I wasn’t on (and that I would’ve loved to play) has to be Survivor: Borneo, the original Old School season. It was brand new, uncharted territory and would forever change the entertainment world. I would’ve loved to have played with absolutely zero context or precedent.
Who’s one player from another Survivor season you wish you could have played with or against and why?
I’m gonna break the rules and pick two. I’d love to play with Shane Powers. I think he’s one of the most extraordinarily interesting and entertaining players not to be invited back. His passion, heart, and intensity are unmatched, and he’s whip-smart. I relate to his candor, respect his fearlessness, and admire his integrity. He’s also a good friend and I know we’d have a lot of laughs out there.
I’d also love to play with Courtney Yates… she’s a friend and I just adore her. We’ve actually chatted about how much we’d like to play together on the next season of Island of the Idols as the two mentors. I think we’d look fetching as giant statues. Be a pal Dalton, and see if you can put in a good word for us with Probst.
If you could make one change to any aspect of Survivor, what would it be and why?
Return to the old school… no idols, nullifiers, gimmicks, special islands, Survivor currency… just players, reward and immunity challenges and Tribal Council. Focus on the people and their story… stick to the bizarre social experiment combined with Battle Royale.
I’d also love to see Survivor pull up stakes and leave Fiji. I understand that it’s logistically easier and way cheaper, but this is Survivor — it should be epic, and a lot of that comes from the location. I’m bored with the single location and I miss Survivor seasons that were themed by location rather than gimmick. Back in the heyday, each season, we were treated to new and exotic countries and learned about other cultures and peoples, while we watched our castaways fight to the death. The recipe was perfect.
Finally, would you play again if asked?
I guess that would all depend on when I get that call. I’ve gotten the call three times since All-Stars – I declined the first two times for a number of different reasons, but actually said yes recently when I got my third call. Unfortunately, the season theme later changed, so I was no longer a good fit for the cast and was cut from the list.
To keep track of our daily Survivor Quarantine Questionnaires and get the latest updates, check out EW's Survivor hub, and follow Dalton on Twitter.
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2020.09.18 20:35 englishroses299 Domestic Violence cases have skyrocketed during lockdown

In virtually every country, domestic violence has skyrocketed due to lockdowns. I have yet to see a single politician talk about this.
USA- “physicians at a large hospital in Boston saw a near-doubling of the proportion of domestic abuse cases that resulted in physical injury in comparison with previous years. The injuries were also dramatically more severe, prompting concerns that victims had delayed seeking care even as the violence against them escalated.”
UK- “Two-thirds of women in abusive relationships have suffered more violence from their partners during the pandemic” and “Three-quarters of victims also say the lockdown has made it harder for them to escape their abusers.”
Australia- “National research by the Australian Institute of Criminology found one in ten women in a relationship said they had experienced intimate partner violence during the pandemic. Half of those women said the abuse had increased in severity since the outbreak of the pandemic in Australia.”
Japan- “Over 13,000 women reported that they experienced domestic violence in April alone, which is 1.3 times higher than in the same period last year. Like all statistics on domestic violence, however, incidences can be vastly under-reported, especially because seeking help for "family matters" is still a taboo in Japanese society.”
South Africa- “Domestic abuse is a huge problem in South Africa - at least eight women are murdered by their partners everyday. And In the past four weeks, the number of women reporting abuse has doubled, as the country's Covid-19 lockdown forces them to stay at home with their abusive partners.”
Israel- “The numbers of complaints have jumped from eight a week to 73 a day within less than two months” (during lockdown)
Canada- “He hits me, he chokes me, he throws me on the stairs,” said Sadia, whose identity has been protected for this story. Her husband, a truck driver, used to be on the road for work. But the pandemic changed all of that. Her torment has intensified since his work stopped. “It's not been easy since he came home,” she said. “Before the coronavirus hit, I felt safe because he's not around.” (personal story from a woman in Canada)
I obviously couldn’t include every country, but I wanted to try and bring more awareness to this topic. Links below to all my quotations if you want to learn more.
USA Domestic Violence
UK Domestic Violence
Australia Domestic Violence
Japan Domestic Violence
South Africa Domestic Violence
Israel Domestic Violence
Canada Domestic Violence
submitted by englishroses299 to NoNewNormal [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 19:43 Kaiyunakai Vale Speculations about Battery Day with Tesla making headlines

Wanna Play $TSLA but no Money? $VALE
TLDR: $TSLA is likely partnering with $VALE to produce the insane quantity of Nickel needed to make Tesla’s vehicles, this is almost certainly happening for the following reasons…
READ FULL BEST DD ON WSB
>>>TESLA NEEDS NICKEL<<<
If there is one to take away from this post, it is the fact that Tesla vehicles need nickel and insane quantities of it. No one is better equipped to supply nickel to Tesla than $VALE. During Tesla’s Q2 earnings call, Elon painstakingly laid out how badly they were looking for a nickel producer.
“Well, I’d just like to re-emphasize, any mining companies out there, please mine more nickel. Okay. Wherever you are in the world, please mine more nickel and don’t wait for nickel to go back to some long — some high point that you experienced some five years ago, whatever. Go for efficiency, obviously environmentally-friendly nickel mining at high volume. Tesla will give you a giant contract for a long period of time, if you mine nickel efficiently and in an environmentally-sensitive way. So hopefully this message goes out to all mining companies. Please get nickel.”
>>>THE STARS ALIGNED<<<
The following points are largely circumstantial evidence, however when stacked together create an extremely powerful narrative and points toward the extreme likelihood of $VALE actually having lined up a revolutionary deal with Tesla.
Quotes from Tesla Q2 2020 Earnings Call
“There’s so much to be excited about. It’s really hard to kind of fit into this call, but the sheer amount of hardcore engineering, especially on the autonomy and the manufacturing/engineering front is mind-blowing. And then of course there’s Battery Day, which is coming up pretty soon. And I think that’s really going to surprise people by just how much there is to see.”-Elon Musk
“Yeah. The real limitation on Tesla growth is cell production at affordable price. That’s the real limit. So that’s where — we’re going to talk about — a lot more about this on Battery Day because this is a fundamental scaling constraint. And any part of that supply chain or processing at the cell level will be a limiting factor. So whatever it may be, anywhere from mining to refining — there’s many steps from refining to cathode and anode, cell formation. Whatever the choke point is, that will set the growth rate. And so we expect to expand our business with Panasonic, with CATL, with LG, possibly with others, and there’s a lot more to say on that front on Battery Day.”-Elon Musk
“Well, I’d just like to re-emphasize, any mining companies out there, please mine more nickel. Okay. Wherever you are in the world, please mine more nickel and don’t wait for nickel to go back to some long — some high point that you experienced some five years ago, whatever. Go for efficiency, obviously environmentally-friendly nickel mining at high volume. Tesla will give you a giant contract for a long period of time, if you mine nickel efficiently and in an environmentally-sensitive way. So hopefully this message goes out to all mining companies. Please get nickel.”-Elon Musk
“Like the thing that bugs me the most about where we are right now is that our cars are not affordable enough. We need to fix that. So we’re all making progress in that regard, just sort of steadily gaining progress. So yeah, we need to not go bankrupt, obviously. That’s important, because then we’ll fail in our mission. But we’re not trying to be super profitable either, obviously, profitability is like 1% or something, just 1% or 2%. It’s not crazy. Last quarter, it was only like 0.1%. So we want to be profitable. Like I think just we want to be like slightly profitable and maximize growth, and make the cars as affordable as possible, and that’s what we’re trying to achieve.”-Elon Musk
📷
Battery Breakdown
Battery Breakdown
Philippe Houchois — Jefferies — Analyst
“Yes, good afternoon. Thank you. You mentioned a few times about the constraint to growth is battery capacity still. And I was hoping you could clarify the scope of the Berlin plant you’re building right now. Will there be — the battery capacity consistent with the amount of assembly volume you expect to come out of Berlin? And if not, will you be able to source your battery requirements out of Europe? Will you have to import batteries from outside Europe to ensure production in Berlin?
Elon Musk — Chief Executive Officer
Okay. We can’t say too much about this, except that there will be local cell production, and that will serve the needs of the Berlin factory. Drew, is there anything…?”(TeslaRati by Joey Klender)
$VALE mines nickel in Brazil, Canada, Indonesia and New Caledonia making it the LARGEST producer of nickel. VALE has joint-venture refineries in China, South Korea, Japan, the UK and Taiwan. These locations will help deliver nickel to the Tesla factories in North America, Berlin and China.
Future Nickel Demand
According To Tesla CEO Elon Musk, This Metal is The New Gold
The demand and future of nickel will continue to grow for the foreseeable future. Electric vehicles and other modern technology NEED nickel to function.
“With demand expected to increase from 2.2 million metric tons to somewhere in the range of 3.5 million to 4.0 million metric tons by 2030, the nickel market could become constrained.”-McKinsey and Company By Marcelo Azevedo, Nicolas Goffaux, and Ken Hoffman
📷
Nickel Demand
Nickel Demand
Elon Musk’s Emphasis on “Environmentally Friendly”
During the call and clip that was hyperlinked above, Elon emphasizes the demand for an “environmentally friendly” mine. Historically, we all know mines have run into trouble with being friendly toward the environment. Today more than ever, a company's concern for the environment must be vocally expressed and physically acknowledged. If not, the reporters and media will bash Tesla for not being environmentally sensitive. Elon Musk understands this and is aware that the nickel company Tesla chooses must at least appear as if they are environmentally “sensitive". Vale’s website has information on how they are sustainable and conscious of the controversies surrounding the mining industry.
“Given Tesla’s focus on sustainability, the company is likely to prefer to buy from miners of higher-grade nickel sulphide, which requires less power to process than laterite ore, said Lachlan Shaw of National Australia Bank.”-Reuters, Yilei Sun, Melanie Burton“There are three key suppliers - Brazil's Vale VALE3.SA, which operates in Canada using some hydropower, Russia's Norilsk Nickel GMKN.MM and BHP Group's operations BHP.AX in Western Australia. "Vale is in the box seat," he said.”-Reuters, Yilei Sun, Melanie Burton
Just the appearance and attempt to be environmental is enough to scare away most journalists who are looking to make a hit piece on Tesla. To wrap it up, Vale has the efficient, sustainable, and environmental mining that Elon Musk is looking for.
Stock Fundamentals and Technicals
$VALE Average Volume: 27,756,238
9/15/2020 volume: 44,035,430
This is a 37% increase in Volume compared to the average volume.
Current P/E of 50.53, Forward P/E of 5.22
Annual Yield 6.06% Ex date 9/22/2020 Pay date 10/07/2020
Extra Dividend of 1.63% Ex date 9/22/2020 Pay date 10/07/2020
Hedge Funds who own $VALE
Bill Ackman: Pershing Square Capital Management
Carl Icahn: Icahn Carl C
Warren Buffet: Berkshire Hathaway/Dividend Stock Portfolio
George Soros: Soros Fund Management
Laurence D. Fink: Blackrock Inc.
etc...
“A study of analyst recommendations at the major brokerages shows that Vale SA (NYSE:VALE) is the #11 broker analyst pick, on average, out of the 50 stocks making up the Metals Channel Global Mining Titans Index, according to Metals Channel. The Metals Channel Global Mining Titans Index is comprised of the top fifty global leaders from the metals and mining sector.” (Metals channel staff)
submitted by Kaiyunakai to stocks [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:04 OK216 JAL First Awards via AA

Ugh, so I'm trying to book a JAL First Class award through AA and it keeps giving me an error saying the flight is no longer available. I remember they weren't making F awards available to partners back in June, but thought that meant they couldn't be seen at all. This one showed up, so I transferred Marriott points in to book it. Anyone have any luck booking these lately? Would calling Australia help?
submitted by OK216 to awardtravel [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 11:59 helo572 JobSeeker & Mutual Obligations FAQ

Hi everyone!
I'm a paraplanner (near to a financial adviser, and may I add, I'm almost there!) and I do Centrelink work as a part of my role. I spend a lot of my week on the phone to them ironing out client's records and straightening out interpretation of the Social Security Act 1991. You may remember me from the Centrelink timelines post! I am always happy to answer Centrelink queries, so feel free to direct message me if you ever want something answered. My personal strengths lie in the numbers side of things, so I run a lot of calculations for correct entitlements, but I can answer technical queries too to the best of my ability.
Be aware any advice I give (and to any extent this post constitutes advice) is GENERAL ADVICE and GENERAL INFORMATION only. If you need advice tailored to your personal circumstances, see a financial adviser, accountant and/or lawyer.
I've noticed a couple queries popping up repetitively recently, and I'd just like to clear them all up with links to sources included. Please do correct me if you spot any mistakes or need to update a source!
Stay safe and all the best!
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ALL INFORMATION IS INTENDED TO BE TRUE AND CORRECT AT THE TIME OF WRITING
Contents:
  1. What are mutual obligations?
  2. What if jobseekers cannot meet their mutual obligation requirements?
  3. What is the Coronavirus supplement?
  4. What is the Economic Support Payment?
  5. How do I calculate my JobSeeker Payment entitlement?
  6. What is the liquid assets waiting period?
  7. Further reading
(I'd suggest using CTRL + F to search the numbers/question titles, given the length of this post!)

1. What are mutual obligations?

Section 3.11 of the Social Security Guide (a summary version of the Social Security Act 1991) defines mutual obligations as:
"requirements [...] designed to ensure that unemployed people receiving activity tested income support payments are actively looking for work and are participating in activities that will help them into employment."
In layman's terms: the government expects you to search for fair and reasonable work with a view to transition you off income support and into the workforce.
"Mutual obligations" is the broad term applied to activities expected to be completed by eligible jobseekers. Mutual obligations apply to JobSeeker Payment (22 years and older), Youth Allowance for Jobseekers (under 22), Parenting Payment and Special Benefit.
" When coming onto payment, participation payment recipients are generally required to connect with an employment services provider before receiving payment (3.11.12). Job seekers will then be required to enter into a Job Plan (3.11.2) which outlines all of a job seeker's mutual obligation requirements. These requirements will generally include looking for and accepting suitable work (3.11.1), attending appointments with their employment services provider, attending all job interviews and undertaking other suitable activities (3.11.3)."
See further:

2. What if jobseekers cannot meet their mutual obligation requirements?

In ordinary circumstances, employment service providers are expected to tailor a jobseeker's mutual obligations to their individual circumstances. We are all unfortunately aware this does not happen in practice. You are encouraged to change employment service providers if you do not feel your needs are being taken into account.
A jobseeker may be eligible for a temporary reduced work capacity, or a temporary exemption from mutual obligation requirements.
Under the current circumstances, the answer to this question is murky. You are still able to apply for temporary capacity and exemptions.
In the COVID world we live in, the answer to this question changes depending on where in Australia you live. Read the correct section below accordingly:
--
I live in Victoria
You cannot be penalised for not meeting your mutual obligation requirements. It does not matter what your employment services provider says, or what Services Australia says. You cannot be penalised.
(1st reference, 2nd reference, 3rd reference)
--
I live outside of Victoria
From 4 August 2020, you can be penalised for refusing a job offer without a valid reason. This penalty is a 4-week non-payment period (i.e. a two payment suspension) identified in 3.11.3.50.
From 28 September 2020, you can be penalised for multiple items: (2nd reference, 3rd reference)
This penalty is as above, though from inferring via the legislation, this penalty extends to further financial penalities for both non-compliance and refusing work (3.11.3.50).
Non-Compliance Penalities
"Job seekers who have persistently committed mutual obligation failures are subject to escalating penalties for further non-compliance. The legislation does not define the circumstances in which a person can be taken to have 'persistently committed mutual obligation failures' but requires the Secretary to make a legislative instrument outlining how the decision maker is to be satisfied that they have. The Social Security (Administration) (Non-Compliance) Determination 2018 (No. 1) therefore describes the administrative mechanisms which are to be used to monitor a job seeker's compliance and identify when they have become persistently non-compliant.
Administratively, after 5 mutual obligation failures within 6 active months (3.11.13.10) (and if the person is found able to meet their requirements in the capability interview and capability assessment) the person will enter the Penalty Zone. Further mutual obligation failures without reasonable excuse will result in the person being determined to have 'persistently committed mutual obligation failures', and will result in them facing escalating financial penalties:
For the job seeker's first failure in the Penalty Zone the person's participation payment for that instalment period will be reduced by half.
For a second failure, the job seeker will lose their entire participation payment for that instalment period.
For a third failure, the job seeker's payment will be cancelled and a 4-week non-payment period will apply.
If a job seeker is cancelled from payment after 3 failures in the Penalty Zone, and they re-claim payment within 3 active months, they will remain in the Penalty Zone (which will recommence if their cancellation was for a mutual obligation failure). A first subsequent failure after re-commencement of payment would result in a reduction of the person's fortnightly payment by half, a second failure would result in loss of the fortnight's entire participation payment, and a third would result in cancellation."
Refusing Work Penalities
"Job seekers who refuse or fail to commence suitable work without a reasonable excuse will be subject to payment cancellation and a 4-week non-payment period (regardless of the zone they are in).
Job seekers who leave suitable work voluntarily or are dismissed from suitable work due to misconduct will be cancelled from payment if they are receiving payment and be subject to a 4-week non-payment period (or 6 weeks where the person received relocation assistance to move to take up the work - see below). Job seekers who claim payment after leaving work voluntarily or being dismissed for misconduct will not be paid for 4 weeks (or 6 weeks if they received relocation assistance - see below) from the date they became unemployed (subject to other waiting period provisions of the social security law, which are served concurrently with the compliance non-payment period but may be longer). No penalty will be applied if the job seeker leaves the job in circumstances where it was reasonable to do so, or the loss of their job was not due to misconduct.
If:
a person has been paid relocation assistance specified in the Social Security (Administration) (Relocation Assistance) Specification 2014, and
the person is dismissed for misconduct or becomes voluntarily unemployed within 6 months of the date on which they were first paid relocation assistance, and
a non-payment period for an unemployment failure is applicable to the person
then the duration of the non-payment period is 6 weeks instead of 4 weeks.
Job seekers participating in the ParentsNext program are not subject to work refusal and voluntary unemployment failures. ParentsNext is a pre-employment program and participants are not required to look for or accept paid work as part of their requirements to receive participation payments."
--
See further:

3. What is the Coronavirus supplement?

The Coronavirus supplement was introduced by the Australian Government as a response to the Coroanvirus pandemic. The Coronavirus supplement is paid to the following payments:
The Coronavirus supplement is paid at a rate of $550.00 per fortnight, on top of the base rate of payment you are eligible for.
From 25 September 2020, the Coronavirus supplement will reduce to $250.00 per fortnight.
Just $1 of your base payment will qualify you for the full Coronavirus supplement.

4. What is the Economic Support Payment?

Most payments and entitlements received a $750 economic support payment between 12 March and 13 April 2020.
A second $750 payment was paid to payments and entitlements who are not entitlted to the Coronavirus supplement on 10 July 2020.
There have been no further announcements for a third payment.

5. How do I calculate my JobSeeker Payment entitlement?

Centrelink's means testing is a rabbit hole I will try to explain as simply as possible.
There are two tests that determine your JobSeeker Payment rate: an income test and an asset limit. The income test has continued to apply through the Coronavirus support period, but the asset limits have been suspended. Read the correct section below about each test:
Asset limit
As aforementioned, asset limits do not currently apply to an individual's JobSeeker payment. From 25 September, your JobSeeker Payment will cease if your assets exceed the following amounts, dependent on your circumstances:
Family Situation Homeowner Non-Homeowner
Single $268,000 $482,500
Couple combined $401,500 $616,000
One partner eligible, combined assets $401,500 $616,000

Income test
As the aforementioned, the income test has always applied to JobSeeker Payment, even through the Coronavirus support period. Income that is assessable includes but is not limited to:
The income test free income limit will be changing from 25 September. The current limits are as follows:
Your income per fortnight Amount your payment reduces
up to $106 $0
$106 to $256 50 cents for each dollar over $106
over $256 $75 plus 60 cents for each dollar over $256
The new limits from 25 September, for most individuals:
Your income per fortnight Amount your payment reduces
up to $300 $0
over $300 60 cents for each dollar over $300
Your income limits will be different if you are a principal carer.
See further:

6. What is the liquid assets waiting period?

Section 3.1.2.20 gives a quick summary:
"The LAWP [liquid assets waiting period] applies to ALL YA [Youth Allowance], Austudy, JSP [JobSeeker Payment] and SA [Sickness Allowance] recipients whose liquid assets (1.1.L.50) exceed a specified amount. Some payments may have other provisions that exempt a person from the LAWP in some circumstances. These provisions are explained in the specific payment topic. The LAWP can vary from 1 to 13 weeks in duration depending on:
the amount of the recipient's liquid assets, AND
whether they are a member of a couple (1.1.M.120), AND
whether they have dependent children (1.1.D.70)."
The liquid assets waiting period is currently waived for new applicants to JobSeeker Payment and Youth Allowance. It will be reintroduced on 25 September. The liquid assets waiting period will only apply only to new applicants to a benefit, not current receipients.
The schedule is waiting periods is very long so I will not repeat it here. You can find a full schedule here. The liquid assets waiting period is currently capped at a maximum of 13 weeks. The starting amounts for the liquid assets waiting period are as follows:
If you are single with no dependents If you are partnered OR single with dependents
$5,500 $11,000

7. Further Reading

Have I missed a question you have? Please comment below, otherwise here are some useful links:
Thank you for reading!
submitted by helo572 to CentrelinkOz [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 11:58 helo572 JobSeeker & Mutual Obligations FAQ

Hi everyone!
I'm a paraplanner (near to a financial adviser, and may I add, I'm almost there!) and I do Centrelink work as a part of my role. I spend a lot of my week on the phone to them ironing out client's records and straightening out interpretation of the Social Security Act 1991. You may remember me from the Centrelink timelines post! I am always happy to answer Centrelink queries, so feel free to direct message me if you ever want something answered. My personal strengths lie in the numbers side of things, so I run a lot of calculations for correct entitlements, but I can answer technical queries too to the best of my ability.
Be aware any advice I give (and to any extent this post constitutes advice) is GENERAL ADVICE and GENERAL INFORMATION only. If you need advice tailored to your personal circumstances, see a financial adviser, accountant and/or lawyer.
I've noticed a couple queries popping up repetitively recently, and I'd just like to clear them all up with links to sources included. Please do correct me if you spot any mistakes or need to update a source!
Stay safe and all the best!
---
ALL INFORMATION IS INTENDED TO BE TRUE AND CORRECT AT THE TIME OF WRITING
Contents:
  1. What are mutual obligations?
  2. What if jobseekers cannot meet their mutual obligation requirements?
  3. What is the Coronavirus supplement?
  4. What is the Economic Support Payment?
  5. How do I calculate my JobSeeker Payment entitlement?
  6. What is the liquid assets waiting period?
  7. Further reading
(I'd suggest using CTRL + F to search the numbers/question titles, given the length of this post!)

1. What are mutual obligations?

Section 3.11 of the Social Security Guide (a summary version of the Social Security Act 1991) defines mutual obligations as:
"requirements [...] designed to ensure that unemployed people receiving activity tested income support payments are actively looking for work and are participating in activities that will help them into employment."
In layman's terms: the government expects you to search for fair and reasonable work with a view to transition you off income support and into the workforce.
"Mutual obligations" is the broad term applied to activities expected to be completed by eligible jobseekers. Mutual obligations apply to JobSeeker Payment (22 years and older), Youth Allowance for Jobseekers (under 22), Parenting Payment and Special Benefit.
" When coming onto payment, participation payment recipients are generally required to connect with an employment services provider before receiving payment (3.11.12). Job seekers will then be required to enter into a Job Plan (3.11.2) which outlines all of a job seeker's mutual obligation requirements. These requirements will generally include looking for and accepting suitable work (3.11.1), attending appointments with their employment services provider, attending all job interviews and undertaking other suitable activities (3.11.3)."
See further:

2. What if jobseekers cannot meet their mutual obligation requirements?

In ordinary circumstances, employment service providers are expected to tailor a jobseeker's mutual obligations to their individual circumstances. We are all unfortunately aware this does not happen in practice. You are encouraged to change employment service providers if you do not feel your needs are being taken into account.
A jobseeker may be eligible for a temporary reduced work capacity, or a temporary exemption from mutual obligation requirements.
Under the current circumstances, the answer to this question is murky. You are still able to apply for temporary capacity and exemptions.
In the COVID world we live in, the answer to this question changes depending on where in Australia you live. Read the correct section below accordingly:
--
I live in Victoria
You cannot be penalised for not meeting your mutual obligation requirements. It does not matter what your employment services provider says, or what Services Australia says. You cannot be penalised.
(1st reference, 2nd reference, 3rd reference)
--
I live outside of Victoria
From 4 August 2020, you can be penalised for refusing a job offer without a valid reason. This penalty is a 4-week non-payment period (i.e. a two payment suspension) identified in 3.11.3.50.
From 28 September 2020, you can be penalised for multiple items: (2nd reference, 3rd reference)
This penalty is as above, though from inferring via the legislation, this penalty extends to further financial penalities for both non-compliance and refusing work (3.11.3.50).
Non-Compliance Penalities
"Job seekers who have persistently committed mutual obligation failures are subject to escalating penalties for further non-compliance. The legislation does not define the circumstances in which a person can be taken to have 'persistently committed mutual obligation failures' but requires the Secretary to make a legislative instrument outlining how the decision maker is to be satisfied that they have. The Social Security (Administration) (Non-Compliance) Determination 2018 (No. 1) therefore describes the administrative mechanisms which are to be used to monitor a job seeker's compliance and identify when they have become persistently non-compliant.
Administratively, after 5 mutual obligation failures within 6 active months (3.11.13.10) (and if the person is found able to meet their requirements in the capability interview and capability assessment) the person will enter the Penalty Zone. Further mutual obligation failures without reasonable excuse will result in the person being determined to have 'persistently committed mutual obligation failures', and will result in them facing escalating financial penalties:
For the job seeker's first failure in the Penalty Zone the person's participation payment for that instalment period will be reduced by half.
For a second failure, the job seeker will lose their entire participation payment for that instalment period.
For a third failure, the job seeker's payment will be cancelled and a 4-week non-payment period will apply.
If a job seeker is cancelled from payment after 3 failures in the Penalty Zone, and they re-claim payment within 3 active months, they will remain in the Penalty Zone (which will recommence if their cancellation was for a mutual obligation failure). A first subsequent failure after re-commencement of payment would result in a reduction of the person's fortnightly payment by half, a second failure would result in loss of the fortnight's entire participation payment, and a third would result in cancellation."
Refusing Work Penalities
"Job seekers who refuse or fail to commence suitable work without a reasonable excuse will be subject to payment cancellation and a 4-week non-payment period (regardless of the zone they are in).
Job seekers who leave suitable work voluntarily or are dismissed from suitable work due to misconduct will be cancelled from payment if they are receiving payment and be subject to a 4-week non-payment period (or 6 weeks where the person received relocation assistance to move to take up the work - see below). Job seekers who claim payment after leaving work voluntarily or being dismissed for misconduct will not be paid for 4 weeks (or 6 weeks if they received relocation assistance - see below) from the date they became unemployed (subject to other waiting period provisions of the social security law, which are served concurrently with the compliance non-payment period but may be longer). No penalty will be applied if the job seeker leaves the job in circumstances where it was reasonable to do so, or the loss of their job was not due to misconduct.
If:
a person has been paid relocation assistance specified in the Social Security (Administration) (Relocation Assistance) Specification 2014, and
the person is dismissed for misconduct or becomes voluntarily unemployed within 6 months of the date on which they were first paid relocation assistance, and
a non-payment period for an unemployment failure is applicable to the person
then the duration of the non-payment period is 6 weeks instead of 4 weeks.
Job seekers participating in the ParentsNext program are not subject to work refusal and voluntary unemployment failures. ParentsNext is a pre-employment program and participants are not required to look for or accept paid work as part of their requirements to receive participation payments."
--
See further:

3. What is the Coronavirus supplement?

The Coronavirus supplement was introduced by the Australian Government as a response to the Coroanvirus pandemic. The Coronavirus supplement is paid to the following payments:
The Coronavirus supplement is paid at a rate of $550.00 per fortnight, on top of the base rate of payment you are eligible for.
From 25 September 2020, the Coronavirus supplement will reduce to $250.00 per fortnight.
Just $1 of your base payment will qualify you for the full Coronavirus supplement.

4. What is the Economic Support Payment?

Most payments and entitlements received a $750 economic support payment between 12 March and 13 April 2020.
A second $750 payment was paid to payments and entitlements who are not entitlted to the Coronavirus supplement on 10 July 2020.
There have been no further announcements for a third payment.

5. How do I calculate my JobSeeker Payment entitlement?

Centrelink's means testing is a rabbit hole I will try to explain as simply as possible.
There are two tests that determine your JobSeeker Payment rate: an income test and an asset limit. The income test has continued to apply through the Coronavirus support period, but the asset limits have been suspended. Read the correct section below about each test:
Asset limit
As aforementioned, asset limits do not currently apply to an individual's JobSeeker payment. From 25 September, your JobSeeker Payment will cease if your assets exceed the following amounts, dependent on your circumstances:
Family Situation Homeowner Non-Homeowner
Single $268,000 $482,500
Couple combined $401,500 $616,000
One partner eligible, combined assets $401,500 $616,000

Income test
As the aforementioned, the income test has always applied to JobSeeker Payment, even through the Coronavirus support period. Income that is assessable includes but is not limited to:
The income test free income limit will be changing from 25 September. The current limits are as follows:
Your income per fortnight Amount your payment reduces
up to $106 $0
$106 to $256 50 cents for each dollar over $106
over $256 $75 plus 60 cents for each dollar over $256
The new limits from 25 September, for most individuals:
Your income per fortnight Amount your payment reduces
up to $300 $0
over $300 60 cents for each dollar over $300
Your income limits will be different if you are a principal carer.
See further:

6. What is the liquid assets waiting period?

Section 3.1.2.20 gives a quick summary:
"The LAWP [liquid assets waiting period] applies to ALL YA [Youth Allowance], Austudy, JSP [JobSeeker Payment] and SA [Sickness Allowance] recipients whose liquid assets (1.1.L.50) exceed a specified amount. Some payments may have other provisions that exempt a person from the LAWP in some circumstances. These provisions are explained in the specific payment topic. The LAWP can vary from 1 to 13 weeks in duration depending on:
the amount of the recipient's liquid assets, AND
whether they are a member of a couple (1.1.M.120), AND
whether they have dependent children (1.1.D.70)."
The liquid assets waiting period is currently waived for new applicants to JobSeeker Payment and Youth Allowance. It will be reintroduced on 25 September. The liquid assets waiting period will only apply only to new applicants to a benefit, not current receipients.
The schedule is waiting periods is very long so I will not repeat it here. You can find a full schedule here. The liquid assets waiting period is currently capped at a maximum of 13 weeks. The starting amounts for the liquid assets waiting period are as follows:
If you are single with no dependents If you are partnered OR single with dependents
$5,500 $11,000

7. Further Reading

Have I missed a question you have? Please comment below, otherwise here are some useful links:
Thank you for reading!
submitted by helo572 to Centrelink [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:25 Random_Expletive Landlord not replacing awful hot water system.

Hi there! I live in Adelaide Australia so any help relevant to that area would be wonderful.
Basically I moved into this new unit 2.5 months ago with my partner. We noticed straight away that the hot water pressure is abysmal. The cold turns on and runs fast with good pressure but the hot water pretty much dribbles out. This is not the end of the world but it makes it really hard to balance the hot water with cold and also the shower pressure is awful, even with high pressure attachments.
I asked the landlord about this when he came in for fix a leaking tap and he told me that nothing can be done about it until the hot water system blows up and needs to be replaced. Is this right? Is there anyway we can request that the landlord replaces the hot water system earlier? I know this isn’t a super pressing issue but it is irritating and it’s not just the shower it’s the hot water all over the house.
Thanks in advance!
submitted by Random_Expletive to legaladvice [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 06:34 DigitalRagdoll Research help for beginner

Hi everyone - I've been trying to research into a first fish tank for me and my partner and just wanted to run by for advice on stocking etc . Were looking at a 34 L (9gallon) tank cause there's a few around second hand at a decent price.
Neither of us had any experience with keeping fish unfortunately 😅
Anyway we were thinking if having a decently planted tank , and hoping to run without a heater due to electric costs not being the best in our unit.
Located in QLD Australia (Moreton bay region if that helps ) , so yeah I know the fish would probably need to be pretty hardy ? I think ?
Some of the ones they liked the look of were -ghost shrimp -cherry shrimp -Kuhli loaches -fancy guppies -Neon tetras -black moors -bettas
I guess they really like active fish to watch do any recommendations that way could definitely help - sorry if I'm a bit all over the place I'm really out of my depth here 😅
submitted by DigitalRagdoll to Aquariums [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 05:57 baesaurus Is Paypal abandoning all vape stores?

Has anyone else been noticing paypal problems lately? First I saw it on hiliq stating "PayPal has ceased operations with their partner merchants in the Vaping Industry, thus, HILIQ will not be able to accept and offer PayPal Payments anymore". Then I've seen fasttech having problems with paypal and now vapouroxide australia can only accept bank transfers, although the email says it's a temporary problem. I'm not sure if the last 2 are just technical issues but it just feels like something fishy is going on and paypal might be cracking down on their acceptable use policy.
submitted by baesaurus to aussievapers [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 04:37 Squidden Monitor Choice: LG 27UL850-W vs BenQ EW3270U

Been trying to decide on a secondary monitor for my partner (she's not massively into tech). I was settled on the LG until I just saw the BenQ.
The BenQ seems to have no real downsides besides slightly worse speakers, lack of mobility and a low brightness due to having a VA panel compared to the LG IPS.
Kicker is on Amazon Australia the BenQ is also $100 cheaper and in stock.
Am I missing something or is the BenQ better value?
submitted by Squidden to buildapc [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 02:55 MrKaiyato Absolutely Baited By Study Abroad

A couple of days ago I received an email from IPENG saying that the 15th was the last day to submit a transcript for SP2021 study abroad -- I was supposed to study abroad at NUS this semester and had heard nothing about study abroad continuing for SP 2021. Studying abroad has been something I've wanted to do for the longest time so I was delighted that this email had blessed my inbox. After thinking about nothing but Singapore the past few days, my dreams were shattered from this email a couple of minutes ago.
Dear _,
As shared in previous emails, the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is evaluating the resumption of study abroad for the Spring 2021 semester. Our process includes consideration of numerous aspects related to student needs, partner planning and preparation, and global and host nation developments. One goal has been to create as much certainty as possible for you in this time of much uncertainty.
At this time, the university has made the difficult decision not to resume study abroad for all programs in Australia, Japan, and Singapore during the Spring 2021 semester. You are receiving this email because you have applied to Engineering in Singapore - National University of Singapore. We arrived at this decision based on significant uncertainty related to issuing host country visas and other entry requirements or restrictions. Some partners in these countries have already canceled programs and we anticipate that more will follow given the countries’ cautious approach to COVID-19.
We understand that this is disappointing news. If you are still interested in exploring studying abroad options that are available at this time or have additional questions, we encourage you to reach out to the unit sponsoring your program to discuss your options and next steps by Tuesday, September 22. If not, you may withdraw your application in My Study Abroad or by contacting your study abroad office. If withdrawing, University will waive or refund your $100 application fee.
Respectfully, Andrew
Obviously not much that IPENG can do -- I just wanted to vent X(
TL;DR: Had hope that 2021 study abroad would be a thing; hope was swiftly and viciously destroyed; have zero expectations about anything during these Corona times
submitted by MrKaiyato to UIUC [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 00:56 elizahawker CP9 Figurines

Hi Guys. I’m wanting to buy my partner the entire CP9 figure set for Xmas this year. I’m glad I started my search now as I can’t find them anywhere on the internet other than one on eBay that’s over $1000AUD. He’s already got Lucci. So my question is, does anyone know of any good websites that sell new/secondhand figures in Australia or one that ships to AUS. Thanks!
submitted by elizahawker to OnePiece [link] [comments]


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